Empirical Insights for Designing Information and Communication Technology for International Disaster Response

AuthorStute, Milan; Maass, Max; Schons, Tom; Kaufhold, Marc-André; Reuter, Christian; Hollick, Matthias
TypeJournal Article
AbstractDue to the increase in natural disasters in the past years, Disaster Response Organizations (DROs) are faced with the challenge of coping with more and larger operations. Currently appointed Information and Communications Technology (ICT) used for coordination and communication is sometimes outdated and does not scale, while novel technologies have the potential to greatly improve disaster response efficiency. To allow adoption of these novel technologies, ICT system designers have to take into account the particular needs of DROs and characteristics of International Disaster Response (IDR). This work attempts to bring the humanitarian and ICT communities closer together. In this work, we analyze IDR-related documents and conduct expert interviews. Using open coding, we extract empirical insights and translate the peculiarities of DRO coordination and operation into tangible ICT design requirements. This information is based on interviews with active IDR staff as well as DRO guidelines and reports. Ultimately, the goal of this paper is to serve as a reference for future ICT research endeavors to support and increase the efficiency of IDR operations.
InInternational Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction (IJDRR)
PublisherElsevier ScienceDirect