Impact of Intravenously Injected Contrast Agent on Bone Mineral Density Measurement in Dual-Source Dual-Energy CT

AuthorKoch, Vitali; Albrecht, Moritz H.; Gruenewald, Leon D.; Yel, Ibrahim; Eichler, Katrin; Gruber-Rouh, Tatjana; Hammerstingl, Renate; Burck, Iris; Wichmann, Julian L.; Alizadeh, Leona S.; Vogl, Thomas J.; Lenga, Lukas; Wesarg, Stefan; Martin, Simon S.; Mader, Christoph; Dimitrova, Mirela; D'Angelo, Tommaso; Booz, Christian
TypeJournal Article
AbstractPurpose: To assess the influence of intravenously injected contrast agent on bone mineral density (BMD) assessment in dual-source dual-energy CT. Methods: This retrospective study included 1,031 patients (mean age, 53 ± 7 years; 519 women) who had undergone third-generation dual-source dual-energy CT in context of tumor staging between January 2019 and December 2019. Dedicated postprocessing software based on material decomposition was used for phantomless volumetric BMD assessment of trabecular bone of the lumbar spine. Volumetric trabecular BMD values derived from unenhanced and contrast-enhanced portal venous phase were compared by calculating correlation and agreement analyses using Pearson product-moment correlation, linear regression, and Bland-Altman plots. Results: Mean BMD values were 115.53 ± 37.23 and 116.10 ± 37.78 mg/cm3 in unenhanced and contrast-enhanced dual-energy CT series, respectively. Values from contrast-enhanced portal venous phase differed not significantly from those of the unenhanced phase (p = 0.44) and showed high correlation (r = 0.971 [95% CI, 0.969-0.973]) with excellent agreement in Bland-Altman plots. Mean difference of the two phases was 0.61 mg/cm3 (95% limits of agreement, -17.14 and 18.36 mg/cm3). Conclusion: Portal venous phase dual-source dual-energy CT allows for accurate opportunistic BMD assessment of trabecular bone of the lumbar spine compared to unenhanced imaging. Therefore, dual-source CT may provide greater flexibility regarding BMD assessment in clinical routine and reduce radiation exposure by avoiding additional osteodensitometry examinations, as contrast-enhanced CT scans in context of tumor staging are increasingly performed in dual-energy mode.