Detecting and tracking criminals in the real world through an IoT-based system

AutorTundis, A.; Kaleem, H.; Mühlhäuser, M.
ArtJournal Article
AbstraktCriminals and related illegal activities represent problems that are neither trivial to predict nor easy to handle once they are identified. The Police Forces (PFs) typically base their strategies solely on their intra-communication, by neglecting the involvement of third parties, such as the citizens, in the investigation chain which results in a lack of timeliness among the occurrence of the criminal event, its identification, and intervention. In this regard, a system based on IoT social devices, for supporting the detection and tracking of criminals in the real world, is proposed. It aims to enable the communication and collaboration between citizens and PFs in the criminal investigation process by combining app-based technologies and embracing the advantages of an Edge-based architecture in terms of responsiveness, energy saving, local data computation, and distribution, along with information sharing. The proposed model as well as the algorithms, defined on the top of it, have been evaluated through a simulator for showing the logic of the system functioning, whereas the functionality of the app was assessed through a user study conducted upon a group of 30 users. Finally, the additional advantage in terms of intervention time was compared to statistical results.